ZZ Plant Propagation

ZZ plant propagation involves easy practices. One of the simplest houseplants for beginners is the unassuming ZZ Plant. It grows rather quickly, can survive in all lighting conditions, and you may enjoy seeing its new leaves emerge. You might be unsure of the best time to repot your ZZ Plant as it grows. Or perhaps a stem or leaf was unintentionally knocked off and you want to save it to grow a new plant. This blog is all about how to divide your ZZ plant by taking stem or leaf cuttings.

Propagating ZZ plants is an easy and satisfying operation, whether you want to add to your collection of houseplants or spread the plant love to your loved ones. However, you should be aware that propagating ZZ plants involves some patience and, depending on the method you employ, it may take many months before you end up with a whole new plant. Here is all the information you require on ZZ plant propagation.

Because of its hardiness and simple maintenance requirements, ZZ Plants are known as the best plants for beginners. Like ZZ plant Raven ZZ plant is also a kind of ZZ plant. raven ZZ plant is also known by name of black ZZ plant. It’s easy to understand why houseplant aficionados would want to grow as many of these gorgeous plants as they can given their popularity. Fortunately, using various propagation techniques, it’s simple to produce more of these plants for nothing. Choose between cuttings, leaves, division, or all three methods of propagation to produce a large number of ZZ Plants that you can grow practically anyplace. Read more here about ZZ plants.

Required Tools and Materials:

  • Pruning shears or scissors
  • Glass container
  • Shallow pot or tray
  • Well-draining indoor potting soil
  • Plastic or terracotta pot

How to Propagate ZZ Plant:

You can propagate ZZ plant by following three different ways,

  1. Through Stem Cuttings
  2. Through Leaf Cuttings
  3. Through Divisions

1. Propagation by Stem Cuttings:

i. Stem selection:

A healthy cutting is the foundation of a successfully propagated plant. Pick a healthy stem (technically a petiole) on your plant that has glossy, deep green leaves and a dense canopy of leaves. Stems with yellow or brown leaves, patches of damage, or illness should be avoided because they may spread to your new cutting. When selecting a stem, consider aesthetics. Select a location where there will be additional greenery to cover the exposed cut mark. To retain the shape of the plant, you may want to take two cuttings, one from each side, keeping in mind the balance of the entire plant.

ii. Cut Selected Stem:

Grab a good knife or set of pruning shears after selecting your stem or stems. The plant will mend more quickly the more precisely you can cut it. Make sure to clean and sanitize your tools before you begin. Any used instruments may include bacteria and diseases that transmit to the fresh cutting as well as the parent plant if they were previously used. You have the option of removing the entire stem at once or only the last few inches. However, once cut, the stem won’t regrow, thus removing the entire stem will usually make your plant look neater. At least 4-inch pieces should be removed from the stem.

iii. Foliage removal:

It will either rest in soil or water at the bottom of the cutting. Because of this, it’s crucial to take the leaves off, exposing some of the stem. Simply use your finger to take the leaves off or scissors to cut them. These can be used to propagate new ZZ Plants by using the next technique, so you don’t have to throw them away either.

iv. Placing Stem into Water OR Soil:

You can either root your ZZ Plant in water or soil, like most stem cuttings are. While you can monitor rhizome and root development in water, soil results in roots that are stronger and more resilient to transplant shock. Grab a tall glass that will hold the cuttings erect for rooting in water. Before filling, make sure it is clean to prevent bacterial growth. Place the cutting in the glass after that so that the bottom is covered and the leaves are not submerged. Prepare a combination of equal parts perlite and coconut coir to be rooted in soil. This mixture retains enough moisture to promote the growth of the rhizome and roots while draining sufficiently efficiently to prevent rotting. Water and propagation mix should be added to a pot.

v. Transplanting Cutting into Pot:

You’re ready to transplant your cutting after the rhizome in a few months has formed roots that are an inch or two long. To make your own houseplant soil mix, combine two parts potting soil, one part perlite, and one part coconut coir or peat moss. Alternatively, you can fill a larger pot with the mixture. To avoid root rot, make sure the pot has ample drainage holes. Put a cutting or two in the same container. After replanting, press around the plant to get rid of any water and air pockets.

ZZ plant stem propagation

2. Propagation by Leaf Cuttings:

i. Removal of Leaf:

Leaf cuttings are a frequent method of propagation for ZZ Plants, although not being as popular as stem cuttings or division. If enough of the petiole is taken off with the leaf, it will establish a rhizome of its own and eventually become a whole plant. This procedure is quite simple. Simply use your fingers to twist any healthy leaf away from the main stem. To create a new rhizome, a portion of the stem must be joined to the leaf.

While you can do this with just one leaf, it’s ideal to take several at once because roots is less consistent for leaf cuttings. The leaves you eliminated from stem cuttings when utilizing the first propagation technique can also be used to try both.

ii. Placing Leaf in Water:

These leaves can be rooted in water with the appropriate glass. It is trickier to do this than with stem cuttings since the water line must stay low to avoid hitting the main part of the leaves, necessitating continuous topping off as it evaporates. To prevent the leaves from spilling into the water and decaying, a thin glass is also necessary. Place the leaves inside your chosen glass after adding filtered or distilled water. As needed, keep topping off the water daily or every few days. Transplant into soil as soon as you notice rhizomes forming on the ends of the leaves.

iii. Placing Leaf in Soil:

As the soil retains more moisture than the thin layer of water can, especially on a hot day, rooting leaves in soil typically requires less care and upkeep. Fill a tray with water and coconut coir (or peat moss if you already have any) before combining the two materials; let the excess run off. Simply place the leaves upright in the soil, leaving the majority of the leaf visible. To prevent tipping the tray over with the leaves inside, keep it in a warm, well-lit environment that is free of drafts. These amazingly low-maintenance plants may take a few months to produce a rhizome and even longer for a full petiole to grow, but they are well worth the wait.

iv. Transplanting Rooted Leaf in Pot:

Rhizomes can be transplanted into a pot with more room for growth when you see them developing short roots, or you can wait for them to develop longer roots before transplanting to avoid shock. Simply make the soil mixture and plant as you would with stem cuttings. Until new growth occurs, put the new pot in a location with bright indirect light, and keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy.

ZZ plant propagation by leave


3. Propagation by Divisions:

i. Plant Removal from Plant:

Propagation by division is one of the simplest techniques to rapidly produce two plants from a single one. Only established plants can do this, but doing so promotes better development since it prevents overcrowding and gives the plants more room to spread out inside the pot. Start by removing the plant from its current pot, just as you would when repotting. To make removal simpler, wait a few of days before you start watering. Gently squeeze the pot’s sides to free it if it’s still stuck. Shake out all the old soil to make it easier to see the root development. Before separating, you can also give them a quick rinse under the faucet to get rid of any remaining soil.

ii. Separating Divisions:

It should be possible to divide the plant into several portions once the rhizomes and roots are clearly visible. To reduce stress and shock after transplantation, each portion should have a healthy amount of root development. While some divisions can be peeled apart, others need to be cut. As any damage will take longer to heal, making your plant more susceptible to pest and disease invasion, be sure to use a sharp knife to separate them.

It could be challenging to figure out the simplest technique to separate your ZZ Plant if it is severely overgrown. Fortunately, if they are sliced into little portions, they can still live as long as each section has enough roots. Cut directly into the rhizome using a clean, sharp knife to minimize harm to the stem and roots.

iii. Repotting:

Prepare as many pots as there are sections by filling them with a specialized potting mix. Plant each division in a separate pot by filling with soil, holding the plant inside, and filling around the gaps with more soil to an inch or two below the rim. Push around the base to anchor the plant in place and water well. Leave the new pots in place with a clear indirect and continue to water well until the plants are established.

ZZ plant propagation by divisions


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long does it take for ZZ plant cuttings to root?

ZZ plant cuttings typically root within 2-4 weeks, depending on environmental conditions.

Can I propagate ZZ plants in water?

While it’s possible to propagate ZZ plants in water, it’s generally more successful in well-draining soil.

Do ZZ plants require special care during propagation?

ZZ plants are hardy and require minimal care during propagation. Just ensure they’re not overwatered.

Can I use root division to propagate ZZ plants at any time of the year?

ZZ plants can be divided and propagated throughout the year, but spring and early summer are often the best times.

How often should I water ZZ plant cuttings?

Water ZZ plant cuttings when the soil feels slightly dry to the touch, typically every 2-3 weeks.

Are ZZ plants suitable for beginners?

Yes, ZZ plants are perfect for beginners due to their resilience and low maintenance.


Congratulations! You’ve unlocked the secrets of ZZ plant propagation. With the knowledge you’ve gained, you can expand your indoor garden with these beautiful, air-purifying plants. Remember, patience and proper care are the keys to success. Happy gardening! If you need any consultancy regarding ZZ plant or landscape designing you can contact DUA Landscape.


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