ZZ Plant Care

ZZ Plant care involves simple practices. Zamioculcas zamiifolia L., also known as the ZZ Plant is a tropical perennial plant native to Eastern Africa. Due to its great dependability as a houseplant that can withstand low light and requires little water, it has recently gained popularity across the globe. The ZZ, sometimes referred to as the “Zanzibar Gem,” has smooth, naturally lustrous leaflets that change color from a bright lime in adolescence to an emerald green as they mature. Individual leaflets are normally one to three inches long and emerge from thick, slightly bulbous stalks that develop from substantial, underneath water-storing rhizomes.

ZZ plant care

Are ZZ Plants Easy to Care for?

Low maintenance indoor plants include the ZZ Plant. With the exception of water and light levels, there is not much you will need to consider; however, fertilizer every six months, or even every month throughout the growing season, will provide extra sustenance. If any plant pests do happen to arise, they should be treated with weekly applications of a natural insecticide like neem oil and frequent cleanings of the plant. To boost aeration as needed, add components like perlite or lava rocks to a well-draining potting mix soil.

Tips to Care for ZZ Plant:

ZZ plants prefer bright, indirect sunshine and are slow-growing. The ability of the ZZ plant to survive under various lighting situations is one of its advantages. When a ZZ plant needs to be planted or repotted, do so in the spring or summer when it is actively growing. If consumed, these plants are poisonous to both people and animals. You should keep in mind following factors about caring for the ZZ plant,

1. Light:

ZZ plants are suitable for indoor cultivation because they can tolerate a wide range of lighting conditions. The plants can thrive in dim lighting. If not provided enough light, they can grow lanky very quickly. Select a bright, indirect lighting location for the plant in your home, ideally in a room with south-facing windows. Avoid direct sunlight since it can burn your plants’ leaves. The ZZ does well in medium to bright indirect light, though it may take lower indirect light. In the warmer months, it can tolerate up to 12 hours each day and is content with a minimum of six. It is crucial to keep it out of strong, direct sunlight, so consider moving it to the middle of the room or covering south-facing windows with a transparent curtain or drape.

2. Soil Media:

ZZ plants don’t have many potting medium preferences as long as it drains effectively. The majority of common potting mixtures ought to be adequate for your plant. Perlite or sand can be mixed in if more drainage is needed. ZZ Plants want adequate drainage, and a soil mixture with wood chips, perlite, or pumice will provide them the drainage they require! For transplanting your ZZ plants, the majority of bagged potting soils will be sufficient. To aid improve drainage, think about incorporating cactus potting soil. Make sure you don’t harm the roots if you wish to transplant your palm trees (we don’t advise doing so for at least 3-6 months after receiving your new plants).

3. Irrigation Water:

Due to their thick rhizomes, these plants are extremely drought-tolerant and can manage infrequent irrigation. ZZ plants should typically be watered once every two weeks, depending on their growing conditions, once the soil has dried out entirely. It’s best to water your plant sparingly than to overwater it. When watering, thoroughly moisten the soil until water is dripping from the drainage hole at the base of the pot. Remove the extra water.

Water your ZZ Plant every two to three weeks, letting the soil dry out in between. In brighter light, water more frequently, and in less-bright light, less frequently. Wet potting soil or yellowing and mushy leaves indicate overwatering and root rot, while withering, wrinkled leaves and dry potting soil indicate that the plant is thirsty.

4. Temperature:

The majority of houseplants like temperatures between 65°F and 85°F (18°C and 30°C). It’s best to prevent them from dropping any lower than that: We recommend a starting point of 60°F (15°C). Even if they can withstand even lower temperatures, they should never be exposed to icy air! No matter what temperature you have your thermostat set to, ZZ Plants will be fine. For Zanzibar gems, normal home temperatures and humidity are suitable. Avoid placing your plant near drafts or particularly cold parts of your house because ZZ plants do not fare well in cold temperatures (no lower than 45 degrees Fahrenheit).

5. Humidity:

ZZ plants don’t require humid environments, but if your home tends to be on the dry side, think about buying a humidifier or setting your plant on top of a tray with stones and water to increase the humidity around it.

Because a ZZ can tolerate typical indoor humidity and even somewhat dry air, it is not necessary to take humidity levels into consideration when caring for one. But aim for 40-50% humidity if you want to mimic the humidity levels it might encounter in its natural environment. Plants can be grouped together to boost humidity levels, or you can add a humidifier or pebble tray.

6. Fertilizer:

ZZ plants typically do not benefit from routine fertilization. However, during its active growing season, treat your ZZ plant using indoor plant fertilizer that has been diluted to half-strength if you want to improve its size or vigor. These plants do not want to be treated frequently, so fertilize twice during the growth season using a complete fertilizer that is 12 strength diluted. Fertilize in the spring and again in the summer. You can use compost or organic fertilizers like worm castings. Just sprinkle a tiny layer over the soil’s surface and evenly stir it in with a small fork. After you’ve added any granular fertilizer, water your plants.

7. Potting and Repotting ZZ plant:

Only once ZZ plants have outgrown their potting container should they be replanted. When the rhizomes are pressing up against the container’s edge or changing the contour of the container, repotting is required. If the plant has become root-bound, it may also exhibit signs of stress.

Waiting until the spring or summer to repot the plants is typically a smart choice, as it is with the majority of houseplants, since they will be better able to survive being disturbed during the active growing season. For your Zanzibar gem, select a potting container that is one size larger and has many of drainage holes.

8. Pests and Problems:

The ZZ Plant is not good for pets, and if the foliage is eaten, it can irritate humans, cats, and dogs. The best course of action is to always keep houseplants out of tiny children’s and animals’ reach. ZZ plants are almost completely free of disease, but you should watch out for common pests that attack houseplants including mealybugs, scale, fungus gnats, and aphids. To get rid of the majority of these pest issues, use insecticidal soap. The amount of water a Zanzibar gem plant is receiving is a typical issue. When leaves start to fall off, a plant is parched and in need of water. Give the plant more water if the leaves are yellowing and falling off at the same time. The plant is prepared for watering if the top 3 inches of soil, or about the length of your finger, are dry.

Does ZZ Plant Causes Cancer?

Does ZZ plant causes cancer is a common question arising to people mind when dealing with it. The ZZ Plant is not good for pets, and if the foliage is eaten, it can irritate humans, cats, and dogs. The best course of action is to always keep houseplants out of tiny children’s and animals’ reach. Despite persistent allegations over the years, there is absolutely no scientific proof to back the idea that the ZZ plant causes cancer. Think about it: What are the chances that ZZ plants would still be freely accessible for purchase if it had been discovered that they increased the risk of cancer? Although it’s not obvious how or when this myth started, it should be noted that it is only a mistake. Nothing to be afraid of! Cancer is not caused by ZZ plants.

Tips by DUA Landscape Professionals:

  1. Clean the leaves thoroughly to promote sunshine absorption.
  2. When transplanting, use a soil that drains properly.
  3. When the roots crack the pot open, make sure to transplant.
  4. ZZ Plants can be divided during transplantation by cutting the root ball into pieces. Please be aware that some plants have patents and that division is not allowed. Before you cultivate any indoor plants, make sure they are not patented.
  5. If you’re not sure whether to water your ZZ plant or not, don’t. Wait until the ground is completely dry!


Can ZZ plants tolerate low light conditions?

Yes, ZZ plants are well-suited for low light environments, making them perfect for offices and homes with limited natural light.

How often should I water my ZZ plant?

Water your ZZ plant every 2-3 weeks, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Adjust the frequency based on your home’s humidity levels.

Do ZZ plants need fertilization?

ZZ plants are low-maintenance and require minimal fertilization. Feed them with a balanced, diluted liquid fertilizer every 6-8 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer).

Can ZZ plants survive neglect?

Yes, ZZ plants are known for their ability to withstand neglect. They thrive on minimal attention, making them an excellent choice for busy individuals.

Are ZZ plants toxic to pets?

Yes, ZZ plants are toxic to cats and dogs if ingested. Keep them out of reach of pets or choose pet-friendly plants if you have animals at home.

How do I revive a wilting ZZ plant?

If your ZZ plant is wilting, it’s likely due to overwatering. Allow the soil to dry out completely and adjust your watering routine. Trim any dead or yellowing leaves to encourage new growth.


Mastering ZZ plant care doesn’t have to be daunting. With the right knowledge and a little love, your ZZ plant will thrive, adding beauty and greenery to your indoor space. Remember the key points: provide proper lighting, avoid overwatering, and repot as needed. Now, go ahead and enjoy the lush, low-maintenance world of ZZ plants! If you need any consultancy regarding Plants care or landscape designing you can contact DUA Landscape.


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