One of the most traditional and enduring garden plants is the rose. Where do you start, though, with the Rosa genus’s over 300 species and thousands of variants produced throughout the years? How can you choose a rose bush for your own backyard garden and landscaping when there are so many different varieties of roses? Each type of rose has its own distinct traits and qualities. While some roses are very easy to manage and have cane-like meandering stems, others have stunning continuous blooms that keep a garden looking lovely from spring through October. Jackson & Perkins provides this useful guide to assist you discern between the various rose varieties you can plant in your garden, taking into account all the rose classes and innumerable hybrids listed by the American Rose Society.
Three Main Rose Categories:
Despite the fact that there are several rose kinds, most rose experts would classify them into three groups: Old Garden Roses, Wild Roses, and Modern Roses. The majority of roses you’ll find in gardens today are Modern Roses because, unlike an Old Garden Rose, they were developed to bloom constantly with enormous flowers throughout the season.
i. Vintage Garden Roses:
The Old Garden Rose, often known as “antique” and “historic” roses, has been grown since before 1867. Unlike modern roses, which bloom continuously throughout the season, double-flower flowers only open once. Old garden roses have the advantage of having developed over time to become more resilient and disease-resistant.
ii. Wild Roses:
Wild Roses, also known as “species roses,” are thought regarded as the wildflower variety of rose and lack the history of hybridization and cross-breeding that other contemporary varieties do. Typically, wild roses only produce one bloom, which has a five-petal flower. A Wild Rose can be identified most easily by their color, which is almost always pink. In fact, finding a red or white Wild Rose is unusual. A yellow Wild Rose is extremely uncommon.
iii. Modern Garden Roses:
Modern Garden Roses are more likely to be what you find as you browse Jackson & Perkins’ broad rose assortment. After 1867, modern roses replaced the historic Old Garden Rose as the dominant variety. There are certain differences between the two, as was already mentioned. Whereas Old Garden Roses only bloom once a year, Modern Roses do so continuously and with greater bloom. Modern roses’ longer vase lives make them a favorite among both florists and homeowners. The fact that these Modern Roses often lack a strong, heady aroma and are less tough and disease-resistant is their only drawback.
iv. Specific Rose Varieties:
There are numerous variations of roses within the three basic categories mentioned above. However, you can discover some of the more typical ones listed below, along with information on their advantages and distinctive characteristics.
v. Climbing Roses:
Climbing roses is more of a description than a class. Alternatively, you might come across grandiflora or floribunda climbing roses. Despite their name, climbing roses are not as effective climbers as vines. They are also known as “rambling” roses and have strong, erect (and occasionally arching) canes that, with the correct support, can be trained. These canes, though, can reach vast heights along trellis walls, garden fences, arbors, and pergolas since they can grow as tall as 15 feet. Climbing roses typically flower more when grown horizontally as opposed to vertically, like most rose kinds. Nearly all climbing roses are repeat bloomers and produce enormous flowers.
vi. Hybrid Tea Roses:
One of the most well-liked groups of roses is hybrid tea roses, and it’s easy to see why. The hybrid tea rose produces lavish, elaborate flowers ranging from 30 to 50 petals that appear from long stems, making for a stunning display in any landscape. And horticulturists have bred thousands of hybrid types with them, having a field day. New hybrids constantly replace outdated hybrids.
vii. Grandiflora Roses:
The grandiflora rose was developed in the past century and is thought to be a subgroup of hybrid tea roses with floribunda characteristics. Grandifloras, the ideal hybrid of the two, with a steady growth cycle like the floribunda and exquisite, showy blooms that occur in clusters like hybrid tea roses. Additionally, each cluster has three to five blooms. Their shrubs are generally bigger and taller than hybrid teas. Don’t neglect the grandiflora for your garden and landscaping because it is still incredibly robust and vigorous, even though it is not as well-known as its close relatives. Purchase Grandiflora Roses Online
viii. Polyantha Roses:
The polyantha rose plant is shorter and has fewer blooms than floribunda roses. While some backyard landscaping might not be a good fit, polyantha is ideal for edging and hedges. These rose bushes have a prodigious bloom that lasts from spring to fall, and it’s not uncommon to find them entirely covered in clusters of their little blooms. Additionally, polyantha roses come in a range of shades and colors, including brilliant whites, charming soft pinks, and vibrant reds. Polyantha is a hardy rose, and because of its minimal maintenance requirements and disease resistance, it has remained a preferred choice for amateur gardeners and horticulturists. Grow them in a container or even a tiny garden space.
ix. Miniature Roses:
Miniature roses and miniflora roses are a type of hybrid tea or grandiflora rose that are normally a little shorter and more compact. A miniflora rose delivers intermediate-sized flowers that are closer to the size of a floribunda, whereas miniature roses can grow anywhere from 15 to 30 inches.
x. Shrub Roses:
Shrub roses typically spread out wide and far, anything from five to fifteen feet in all directions. Shrub roses are renowned for their hardiness and ability to endure harsh winters. Additionally, they produce abundant clusters of blossoms.
The David Austin English Rose is within the category of shrub roses, one of the several subcategories of shrub roses.
xi. Groundcover Roses:
A rose variety bred to have the best of all worlds—a stunning garden rose with a brilliant color, graceful shape, and delightful fragrance—is known as a groundcover rose, also known as a “landscape” rose. Groundcover roses are ideal as a space filler because they can spread out and only grow to a height of three feet. Overall, groundcover roses provide continuous flowering and are disease- and pest-resistant. These roses are among the lowest-maintenance varieties, making them perfect for novice gardeners and rose producers.
xii. Dawn Roses:
Alba roses are a hybrid variety that have been grown since 100 A.D. and are one of the oldest garden roses. They have tall, graceful bushes with cool-toned blue-green leaves. Their blooms, which open up once in late spring or early summer, are frequently found in soft pinks and crisp whites. One of the hardiest rose kinds, alba roses, can be planted and grown abundantly in cooler temperatures and areas with shadow. They are disease-resistant and easy to maintain.
xiii. Bourbon Roses:
Bourbon roses, which were first planted in France in 1817 on the Île Bourbon, are assumed to be a hybrid of China and Damask roses. The lovely, full flowers of bourbon roses come in a range of tints and tones of white, pink, and red. Although not as overpowering as the beverage itself, bourbon blooms nonetheless contribute a potent, fragrant scent. Grow a Bourbon rose bush close to a trellis, train it to climb, and let it grace the area all season with recurrent flowers.
xiv. Centifolia Roses:
The blooms of centifolia roses, sometimes referred to as “cabbage” roses, resemble a cabbage head. To put it another way, they have narrow petals that closely overlap, giving them a special feel. Similar “Provence” roses, called for the region of France where they were formerly produced, can occasionally be found.
Centifolia roses come in a range of hues, including white and pink. Their blooms frequently become so numerous and enormous that they weigh down the stalk, giving the impression that it is drooping and dozing off. This particular rose variety’s essential oil is utilized frequently in perfumes and scents because it has a particularly wonderful scent. However, as it only blooms once in the early summer, savor it while you can.
xv. English/David Austin Roses:
These roses, which have hundreds of variants, are most frequently referred to as David Austin roses after the British rose producer. These rosette-shaped roses, which are very well-liked by both customers and retailers, have the perfume of an Old Rose variety, as well as continuous flowering and a wide range of colors like Modern Roses. David Austin roses are for more seasoned gardeners and growers since they require more upkeep and care and are more sensitive to illnesses.
xvi. China Roses:
China roses, a more exotic kind, were brought to the West in the late 18th century. This special rose has greatly benefited from hybridization as a complex group. China roses frequently have a great smell and have compact, bushy blooms that are available in a range of hues, including vivid red, gentle pink, and joyful yellow.
This hybrid rose’s disease tolerance and capacity for several blooms from summer to late fall rank among its biggest benefits. The one disadvantage of Chinese roses is that their fragile, silky petals need to be protected during the colder months and locations. These tiny roses grow best in a small pot that you can bring inside during the winter.
xvii. Damaskas Roses:
Since they date back to Biblical times, damask roses are among the oldest roses. Since they are so old, there are two types that bloom in different seasons: the Summer Damask and the Autumn Damask. The Autumn Damask, also known as the Four Seasons Damask, simply differs in that it offers two blooms, one in the summer and one in the fall. The colors of damask roses range widely, from vivid silvery whites to rich pinks. Damask roses emit a very fragrant aroma, similar to that of Centifolia, which is extracted and utilized as an essential oil in perfumes and other scented products.
xviii. Gallica Roses:
The gallica rose is a very old variety, much like the Damask rose. Even some of the earliest varieties date to the 12th century. Gallicas, also known as the French or Provins rose, have a wonderful aroma that is utilized in perfumes. More significantly, the unusual petals of this rose have been utilized medicinally for antibacterial, astringent, and tonic effects.
Gallica roses can also be found in a variety of colors, including pinks, reds, purples, and even with a two-tone white stripe. Unfortunately, you can only see their exquisitely layered, closely clustered blooms once during the summer. Gallicas are a hardier cultivar of Old Garden Rose that can withstand colder weather and shade.
Find a Favorite Rose Type for Your Green Space:
It might be somewhat overwhelming with the variety of roses that are available. However, you may start to distinguish each type after you become familiar with the distinctive characteristics that lie in their flowers’ shapes, cane lengths, and, if you have a keen nose for it, their incredible scents. If you are a newbie rose grower, find and select an easy-to-maintain variety from our collection of Roses for Beginners, then gather some materials, such as specially formulated fertilizers and all-natural pest treatments, to get going. Soon enough, you’ll be able to clip a proliferating rose shrub to make a bouquet presentation and a wonderful aroma for your home.
For healthy and certified rose plants of any variety, you can contact DUA Landscape.