Types of Lawn Grass: An Important Guide for your Lawn
When having a picnic or walking by sports fields, we can always notice various species of grass on our lawns and in our backyards. What, then, is grass? Grass is recognized to be a low-growing plant with leaf blades that are often colored in colors of green. The leaves might be bright, dull, or dark green. In addition, grass is not a single species because there are over 10,000 different types of grass in its family. Selection of types of lawn grass is important for success of lawn.
Lawn grass seed is also used in growing lawn. We must properly care for our lawn grasses in order for them to carry out these tasks effectively and enhance the overall landscaping look. We must understand how to recognize each types lawn grass that is appropriate for use as a lawn, as well as its distinctive characteristics, as well as how to manage it if we are to provide our plants the best possible care.
Things to Keep in Mind Before Selecting Type of Grass:
To be effective and produce healthy grass kinds, there are various aspects to take into account while selecting the best grass for your lawn.
- Use of the grass, such as depictions of ordinary lawns or golf courses that can withstand high foot traffic.
- Extremes of weather and temperature in the area (to determine whether the grass is drought- or cold-tolerant).
- Required level of maintenance (including price, time, frequency, and height of cuts).
- Shade tolerance Soil type, including pH and the adjacent drainage system.
Top 10 Best Types of Lawn Grass:
Lawn grasses serve more purposes than only enhancing the appearance of the landscape or turning our home lawns green. It also has advantages for the environment.
1. Bermuda Grass:
Grass lawn park mostly uses Bermuda grass. One of the most prevalent warm-season grass varieties is Bermuda, which is usually found in the humid southeastern regions of the United States. Due to its ability to withstand heat and dryness, Bermuda grass is a welcome addition to any lawn, including those on golf courses. In addition, Bermuda grass stands out from other types for the following reasons.
- Its tolerance for being cut at a low height.
- Better erosion control is provided by its dense sod formation.
- Its ability to thrive in various soil conditions, including hard or shallow soil.
Using our experience as a guide, we can say that typical Bermuda grass is a lawn mainstay that needs just minimal water and fertilizer upkeep. To allow it to maintain its traffic tolerance, we must continue the regular mowing schedule. For it to be healthy, we must also keep unrestricted access to full sunshine.
2. Augustine Grass:
St. Augustine grass, another warm-season grass, is recognizable by its incredibly broad blades. It is indigenous to the southeast regions of North America and Central America and is thought to have originated in more tropical settings. Due to the following reasons, this grass type has been used on lawns since the early 1900s and is one of the most popular ones.
- It can withstand both full sun exposure and shady areas.
- It expands faster than other varieties and thrives in rich soil.
It cannot, however, withstand being trodden on by numerous feet quickly due to its limited traffic tolerance.
3. Kentucky Blue Grass:
It is used in grass lawn of cool season. Its a perennial grass originally from Europe that was brought to North America and has since become a mainstay of sod farms is Kentucky Bluegrass, one of the cool-season grasses. Since that time, Kentucky bluegrass has spread far in the western United States, making up 10% of the entire plant community. These qualities are mostly responsible for its popularity:
- Its dense turf (sod and roots) provides good traffic tolerance and enhances erosion prevention.
- Its nutrients are digestible by both livestock and wildlife.
- Its capacity to recover after injury.
Test results show that compared to other grass species with similar traits, this grass species performs significantly better in the cool season. It’s less resistant of drought, though, and needs frequent watering when the sun is directly overhead.
4. Centipede Grass:
Along with being arthropods, centipedes are also the namesake of a warm-season grass variety that is common in the southeast of the United States. This grass creates a dense turf with excellent water control characteristics, preventing erosion. According to our knowledge and personal experience, this kind can thrive in soil conditions that are inappropriate for other grasses and can perform well in poor soil fertility. In addition, centipede grass is renowned for having the following qualities:
- Slow season for growth.
- Less mowing is required.
- Uses less fertilizer than is necessary.
However, it is not able to sustain high foot activity, and it only grows into a strong lawn when planted in hot, dry places with plenty of water. Some of the alternatives to lawn grass are also present for use in landscape.
5. Buffalo Grass:
One of the warm-season kinds, Buchloe dactyloides, also referred to as “Buffalo Grass,” is widely known for providing bison and deer with food in the nineteenth century. This species in its genus is well known for being an essential component of golf courses. The buffalo is a warm-weather grass variety that has a remarkable endurance to drought, which also illustrates how well it can absorb water or moisture. However, as we have seen, it only spreads its lush, dark green hue in regions with little foot traffic and is not tolerant of considerable foot traffic.
6. Zoysia Grass:
This list of warm grass varieties continues with the Zoysia grass from the Zoysia genus, which is renowned for its outstanding drought tolerance as well as its ability to resist heat and heavy foot traffic. Additionally, because it maintains its green color throughout, this slow-growing warm-temperature grass species may enhance your lawns even in extremely hot weather. However, because of its thorny feel, several people hesitate to grow it. Also, if the cold weather arrives, it might soon become brown.
7. Perennial Ryegrass:
It is also among types of lawn grass. Even in colder locations, Perennial Ryegrass, a cool-season cultivar, may produce a perpetually green lawn. This kind is well recognized for its speedy germination, which enables it to control unneeded weeds in the grass. However, because of its rapid growth, it needs to be mowed frequently. In addition, it boasts among the highest levels of resilience to light to moderate or even strong foot traffic. However, to maintain its lovely shining, deep green hue, you must water and nourish the plant.
8. Tall Fescue Grass:
Green grass lawn spray method is usually used for this type of grass. The low-maintenance Tall Fescue, renowned for its flexibility, particularly in withstanding hot and cold conditions, must be included while discussing cool season grass kinds. Additionally, the tough tall fescue grass kind is more frequently found on athletic fields than on lawns in houses because it is effective in high foot traffic and has the following qualities:
- Able to withstand both cold and heat.
- Prefers dense, wet soil.
This grass kind is known for its ability to grow quickly, so you must be mindful of your mowing schedule.
Bentgrass is renowned for its plush feel, particularly on golf courses in the north. Additionally, Bentgrass can be identified from a distance by the following traits:
- Thin stems
- Flat leaf blades
Apart from these visible manifestations, Bentgrass is well known for being found on golf courses and other lawn areas. Regardless of the season, Bentgrass requires a high amount of upkeep, particularly in terms of fertilization, mowing, and watering.
10. Fine fescue Grass:
A different grass species, the fine fescue, is visible on the opposite end of the spectrum from the tall and powerful fescue. The fine textures, thin shapes, and tolerance to shade help identify fine fescues, such as sheep fescue. Additionally, fine fescue prefers sandy soils over tall fescue does. Cooler climates are ideal for low-maintenance fine fescue grasses, particularly those with blades that resemble needles. Most notably, we have found that fine fescue lawns do not withstand foot activity with the same resilience as tall fescue lawns.
You can contact DUA Landscape for further consultancy regarding lawn grass.