Shahtoot, also known as the mulberry, is a delectable and nutritious fruit that has captured the hearts and taste buds of people around the world. With its sweet, juicy flavor and remarkable health benefits, it’s no wonder that this fruit has become a staple in various culinary traditions and a sought-after ingredient for countless dishes. Morus alba is the scientific name for Shahtoot. It is a member of the Moraceae family.

It is among the most significant herb plants utilized in traditional medicine and healing practices. The word “mul” has its roots in the Latin word “mor-us,” which means “oddly enough.” Within the genus Morus, there are many different species. Notable Mulberry species include the native red mulberry, the East Asian white mulberry, and the Southwest Asian black mulberry.1-2 The delicious, juicy, and mouthwatering mulberry fruits are referred to as toot and Shahtoot tree. In temperate countries like India, China, Japan, North Africa, Arabia, and South Europe, they grow from deciduous trees.


Nutritional Value:

Mulberry contains various nutritional components that are given as follows: The fruits are rich in a variety of organic compounds, like: zeaxanthin, anthocyanins, phyto-nutrients, lutein, resveratrol and a wide range of other polyphenolic compounds.

Nutritional components Percentage value
Total fat 1
Total carbohydrate 5
Dietary fibre 9
Sodium 1
Calcium 4
Iron 14
Potassium 6
Protein 4
Vitamin C 57
Vitamin E 8
Vitamin K 9
Vitamin B1 3
Vitamin B2 11
Vitamin B3 5
Vitamin B6 4
Folate 2


Mulberries stand as a bounteous reservoir of dietary fiber, fostering intricacy in bowel movements, mitigating constipation, and elevating the general vigour of the digestive system.

1. Elevates Resilience:

Mulberries brim with antioxidants and vitamin C, both renowned for augmenting the immune fortifications and fortifying the bulwark against maladies.

2. Thwarts Anemia:

Mulberries represent a commendable wellspring of iron, a vital component in the creation of crimson corpuscles, serving to avert the onset of anemia.

3. Governs Diabetes:

Mulberries boast a sugar content and lay claim to a low glycemic index, rendering them a superlative preference for diabetics striving to regulate their blood sugar thresholds.

4. Cardiovascular Wellness:

Mulberries with polyphenols, acknowledged for their role in diminishing the prevalence of deleterious cholesterol and refining cardiac well-being.

5. Osseous Framework:

Mulberries emerge as an opulent source of calcium, an elemental element contributing to robust bones and dentition.

6. Weight Management:

Mulberries present paltry calorie content and a copious supply of dietary fiber, establishing them as an ideal choice for those embarking on a weight loss journey.

7. Safeguards against Carcinogenesis:

Mulberries harbor ellagic acid, celebrated for its potential to curtail the susceptibility to specific malignancies, including colon and prostate cancer.

8. Enhances Visual Acuity:

Mulberries boast an opulence of vitamin A, indispensable for preserving ocular clarity and forestalling ocular ailments such as degeneration.

9. Dermatological Vitality:

Mulberries abound in antioxidants, proficient in shielding the integument from harm instigated by free radicals and augmenting the general health of the skin.


Some of the potential benefits of Mulberry are described as follows:

1. Red Blood Cells:

Iron is scarce in fruits, yet mulberries are rich in it. The body’s ability to produce red blood cells may be enhanced by iron. This could facilitate better oxygen delivery to the body’s tissues and organ systems. This could suggest that mulberries increase metabolism and promote optimal performance of the body’s systems.

2. Digestion:

Because mulberries have a high dietary fiber level, they might aid in better digestion. One serving of mulberries provides around 10% of the daily required amount of dietary fiber. This dietary fiber gives the stool more volume, which facilitates better digestion by accelerating the passage of food through the digestive tract. In cases of digestive system disorders such bloating, constipation, and stomach pains, it might be beneficial.

3. Eyes:

Zea-xanthin is one of the carotenoids found in mulberry fruits. Zea-xanthin functions as an antioxidant and may help preserve the health of the retina. Cataracts are caused by free radicals that degenerate the macula, the center portion of the retina. These free radicals may cause oxidative stress on the retinal cells, which zea-xanthin from mulberry fruits may be able to lessen. Consequently, this could suggest that mulberry could slow the development of cataracts. To determine how mulberries affect cataracts in human eyes, more research is required.

4. Cancer:

Antioxidants include vitamin A, vitamin C, anthocyanins, and other polyphenolic chemicals are abundant in mulberries. Antioxidants exhibit a defense mechanism against free radicals, which are toxic byproducts of metabolic processes within cells. These byproducts damage healthy cells and accelerate the process by which healthy cells mutate into malignant ones. Mulberry antioxidants have the potential to quickly neutralize dangerous free radicals. These characteristics might indicate that mulberries have the ability to lessen the amount of harm that these free radicals produce. More research is required to determine how mulberries affect free radicals that cause cancer.

5. Diabetes:

It’s possible that Mulberry dried nutrition leaf extract catalyzes the metabolism of glucose. According to experiments conducted on animals, mulberry leaf extract reduced elevated blood glucose levels. To determine how mulberries affect blood glucose levels in humans, however, human research is necessary.

6. Skin and Hair:

Mulberry skin benefits fruits are rich in a range of carotenoid components including vitamins A, E, and other nutrients. These substances have potent antioxidant properties that may protect tissue, hair, skin, and other tissues from the damaging effects of free radicals. Antioxidants may maintain the skin’s smooth appearance and help lessen the visibility of blemishes. Mulberry fruits may also contribute to healthy, lustrous hair by preventing the oxidative effects of free radicals. Because mulberry may help reduce skin oil production and irritation, it may be useful for acne-prone skin or pimples. To fully grasp the potential applications of mulberries for humans, more research is necessary on all these qualities Shahtoot in english.

Trends in Shahtoot Farming:

As the popularity of Shahtoot continues to grow, the farming trends associated with this delectable fruit have also evolved. Shahtoot cultivation has seen significant advancements in recent years, driven by the increasing demand for fresh, high-quality produce. Here are some key trends in Shahtoot farming:

1. Organic Shahtoot Farming:

With a rising emphasis on health and sustainability, many farmers are turning to organic farming practices for Shahtoot cultivation. Organic farming avoids the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which results in a cleaner and healthier product. Organic Shahtoot is not only more environmentally friendly but also appeals to health-conscious consumers.

2. Controlled Environment Agriculture:

Controlled Environment Agriculture, which includes greenhouses and indoor vertical farming, is gaining traction for Shahtoot cultivation. It allows for year-round production, protection from adverse weather conditions, and precise control over factors like temperature, humidity, and lighting. This trend ensures a consistent supply of fresh Shahtoot, regardless of the external environment.

3. Sustainable Water Management:

Water scarcity is a growing concern in agriculture, and Shahtoot farming is no exception. Sustainable water management practices, such as drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting, are being implemented to conserve water resources. These techniques not only reduce water waste but also lead to more efficient water utilization.

4. High-Density Planting:

Farmers are adopting high-density planting techniques to maximize land use and increase fruit yield. This involves planting Shahtoot trees closer together, which encourages vertical growth and more efficient space utilization. High-density planting results in higher fruit production per unit area, making it a cost-effective approach.

5. Export Market Growth:

Shahtoot is gaining recognition on the global stage, and the export market for Shahtoot is expanding. Countries that can produce high-quality Shahtoot are finding new opportunities to reach international markets. This trend benefits local economies and allows consumers worldwide to enjoy the delicious fruit.


Shahtoot, or mulberry, is a fruit that has stood the test of time. With its sweet, succulent berries and a wealth of nutritional benefits, it continues to captivate palates and offer numerous health advantages. Whether consumed fresh, integrated into culinary creations, or explored for its medicinal potential, Shahtoot remains a versatile and beloved fruit. As Shahtoot farming trends evolve to meet the demands of a changing world, the future looks promising for both growers and consumers. With an increased focus on sustainable practices, organic farming, and global market expansion, the appeal of Shahtoot is set to grow even further. If you need any consultancy regarding Shahtoot or Landscape you can contact DUA Landscape.


1. Can Shahtoot be grown in a home garden?

Yes, Shahtoot trees can be grown in home gardens, provided they have suitable growing conditions and space.

2. What is the shelf life of Shahtoot?

Fresh Shahtoot berries have a relatively short shelf life and are best consumed shortly after harvesting. However, dried Shahtoot can be stored for an extended period.

3. Are there any allergies associated with Shahtoot?

Some people may be allergic to Shahtoot, particularly the leaves. If you have allergies, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating Shahtoot into your diet or using it in other ways.

4. What are some common pests and diseases affecting Shahtoot trees?

Shahtoot trees can be susceptible to various pests and diseases, including aphids, spider mites, and leaf spot diseases. Proper pest management and care are essential for healthy tree growth.

5. Is Shahtoot used in any beauty or cosmetic products?

Yes, Shahtoot is sometimes used in skincare products due to its high vitamin content and antioxidant properties, which are beneficial for skin health.


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