Propagating Snake Plant
How to propagate snake plant is a common question that comes in people mind dealing with it. Like most plants, snake plants grow best in the spring and summer when they are actively growing. You should begin your propagations in the early to midspring to fully benefit from the busy growth phase because the process can take some time. One of the simplest houseplants to grow is the snake plant. It’s easy to learn how to propagate a snake plant, and once you do, you can freely give away or add additional plants to your collection. This tropical houseplant’s sword-like leaves root well in soil or water, and division is an excellent choice for big plants. A sharp knife or pair of pruners, some time, potting soil, and water are all you need to reproduce your snake plant. There will be plenty of new plants to add to your indoor jungle or to share with friends if you follow a few straightforward tips to make sure the young plants thrive. It takes a few months to root fresh snake plants.
Propagating snake plant is easy if you know how to do this practice. When a snake plant is replicated by cuttings, distinctive foliage patterns, such as mottled leaves or gold leaf edges, are typically lost. The young branches (or pups) that arise from a variegated leaf cutting are typically solid green. Although a snake plant that is solid green makes an excellent houseplant, you should be aware that a cutting won’t grow into a duplicate of the original plant. The only way to reproduce a snake plant that resembles its parent plant is by division. You can get additional plants with the same leaf color as the original snake plant if you divide it.
Snake plants can be multiplied by stem cuttings in soil or water as well as division. While the stem-cutting procedures can be applied to plants of all sizes, the division method is best utilized to divide up a large, mature plant with numerous stems. Even though you can grow snake plants in water, it’s preferable to use soil to stop decay. You can read more about benefits of snake plant.
1. Propagation Through Divisions:
- Propagate snake plant through divisions is the simplest way. If you intend to perform this indoors, lay down a tarp or a sizable sheet; otherwise, complete this step outdoors. Take out the pot and place the plant on its side. Gently squeeze the pot on all four sides to release the root bulb if the plant is root-bound. The best method of propagating snake plants that have gotten quite large is dividing the plant into parts. Start by removing the snake plant’s complete pot, roots and all. To separate the tightly intertwined root ball, use a sharp knife or pruner. Try to make divisions that have at least three leaves as well as the supporting roots. Each division should be planted in a drainage-holed container with moist potting soil. Give the divisions plenty of water, allowing them to completely drain. In bright yet indirect light, place the newly potted plants. When soil feels dry to the touch, water it.
- Choose a group of stems that you want to detach from the main plant, and then use your hands to remove as much soil as you can from the roots. If at all possible, carefully peel the clump away from the parent plant while untangling the roots. This might not be possible, though, if your plant is rootbound in compacted soil. If so, cut the roots free from the main root cluster using a knife or a pair of sharp, clean pruning shears. Use as little of it as you can, eliminating as much with your hands as you can before making any cuts.
- Plant the newly separated plants in a fresh pot that has drainage holes filled with sand and a soil mixture that drains nicely. Place it in an area with lighting that is comparable to where it was previously and firmly pat the soil down around the roots. Resuming your regular watering routine.
2. Propagation in Water:
- Starting from the borders of the leaf cutting, take each piece and cut a triangle shape at the bottom. When you’re done, the cutting’s bottom ought to resemble the end of a fancy ribbon. This helps ensure the cuttings are oriented correctly for rooted and increases the surface area for new roots to grow on. Placing a leaf in a container of clean water is all it takes to for snake plant cuttings to take root. Start by removing a leaf from an established plant that is mature in size. Put the leaf’s cut end in a container or vase with a few inches of water. Place the jar in a well-lit area, replace the water every week, and rinse the jar. In about two months, roots should start to grow at the base of the cutting. Plant the rooted cutting in a pot with houseplant potting soil once the roots have formed.
- Cut one or two leaves from your plant, severing them at the base just above the soil, using a pair of clean, sharp pruning shears or scissors. Divide each leaf into many parts that are three to four inches tall. Make sure to note the top and bottom of each cutting as you divide the leaf up (i.e., the direction the original leaf was growing). Since new roots and growth will begin at the bottom of each cutting, it is crucial to make sure that portion is submerged in water. If you want, you can propagate without dividing it by utilizing a complete leaf.
- Place the cuttings in a small glass jar or other container filled with room temperature water, making sure that the bottom of each cutting is completely submerged. After that, position the jar in a spot with medium to strong indirect light. To keep the water fresh, refresh it once every one to two weeks. You can transplant the leaf cuttings to soil once the roots have formed. Before transplanting cuttings to soil, roots should be at least three centimeters long; however, you can leave cuttings in water until new snake plant pups start to grow. The rooted cuttings should be planted in the soil, making sure the roots are completely covered, in a tiny pot with drainage holes that has been prepared with a sandy, well-draining potting mix.
3. Propagation in Soil:
- Cuttings from snake plants will also take root in damp potting soil. Start by removing a leaf from an established plant by clipping the leaf with pruners or a knife at the plant’s base. By chopping the leaf into 2-inch-long pieces on the horizontal, you can increase the number of young plants. Make angled cuts or notches in the leaf pieces to make it easier to remember which end is the “bottom” and which is the “top.”
- To promote rooting and avoid rot, dip the bottom end of each leaf cutting in rooting hormone. Put the cutting in a small container with drainage holes, about half an inch deep in moist potting soil. After planting your cuttings (cut side down), make sure the soil is consistently moist by checking it frequently. To avoid root rot, make sure to remove any extra water that drips from the container after watering. Try to gently take the cutting out of the dirt after around two months. The cutting is rooted and established in its new pot if you encounter resistance. Replant the cutting if it emerges from the dirt, and water it until it needs more moisture.
- How often to water snake plant also has important aspect in its growth. While the cuttings are rooting, keep the soil damp but not soggy. When propagating snake plants, patience is essential. The cuttings can take up to three months to root, and even longer for them to give birth to pups. Every one to two weeks, gently pull upward on the cutting to feel for roots by feeling for resistance. Cuttings can begin receiving light irrigation every few weeks or so until you can feel roots forming in the soil. You will eventually start to see fresh snake plant babies emerging from the leaf cuttings’ bases.
How often should I water newly propagated Snake Plants?
Water sparingly immediately after planting, and then gradually increase the watering frequency as the plants establish themselves.
Can I propagate Snake Plants in water indefinitely?
While water propagation is an excellent method for rooting Snake Plant cuttings, it’s essential to eventually transfer them to soil for long-term growth.
Do Snake Plants require special care after propagation?
Newly propagated Snake Plants may need a bit more attention initially. Ensure they receive indirect sunlight and avoid overwatering.
Can I propagate Snake Plants in the winter?
It’s best to propagate Snake Plants during the growing season, which is typically spring and summer, as they are more actively growing during these months.
How long does it take for newly propagated Snake Plants to grow to maturity?
It can take several months to a year or more for propagated Snake Plants to reach maturity, depending on growing conditions and care.
Can I use root hormone when propagating Snake Plants?
While not necessary, using a rooting hormone can help speed up the rooting process when propagating Snake Plants from leaf or rhizome cuttings.
Propagating Snake Plants can be a rewarding experience for any plant lover. With the right techniques and a bit of patience, you can expand your Snake Plant collection and share the joy of these resilient beauties with others. Remember to provide proper care to your newly propagated plants, and watch them thrive and flourish. If you need any consultancy regarding maintenance of snake plant or landscape designing you can contact DUA Landscape. Our experts are always available to help you.