The gladiolus flower is a well-known perennial, distinguished by its long flower spikes and huge, vibrant blooms. The gladiolus flower is a gorgeous cutting flower that looks amazing in summer bouquets. Meaning of gladiolus flower is strength of character, faithfulness, moral integrity, and remembrance. These lovely flowering plants, which are members of the iris family (Iridaceae) and are referred to as “glads,” come in a wide range of colors and sizes, from the smaller hybrids that are ideal for containers to the large-flowered Grandiflora hybrids that produce enormous spikes of blooms in a variety of colors.
The most popular gladioli normally grow to a height of 2 to 5 feet and have flowers that range in size from “miniature” blooms that are less than 3 inches across to “giant” blooms that are more than 5 inches across! In order to complement shorter plants well, the taller species, which must be anchored, are frequently planted in the back of a garden.
Planting the Gladiolus Flower:
Plant gladiolus flowers in full sun (6 to 8 hours of direct sunshine per day) in well-drained soil that is somewhat fertile for the finest blooms. In dense, wet soil, they will not thrive. To increase fertility and consistency, incorporate compost (humus) into your soil.
i. When to Plant:
- As soon as the risk of frost has passed and the soil has warmed to at least 55°F (13°C), you can begin planting gladiolus corms in the spring. Here are the dates for the local frost.
- Every 10 days or so, from the time of your last frost until the start of summer, sow another batch of corms. This will lead to continual blooms through the beginning of the fall!
- When glads are planted, it typically takes between 60 and 90 days for the corms to take root, develop, and bloom.
ii. How to Plant:
- Use a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches to prepare your garden. Add a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost or old manure after loosening the soil.
- Plant corms with a diameter of at least 114 inches if you want huge blooms.
- With the pointed end facing up, insert the corm into the hole 4 inches deep. Put soil on top and firmly press.
- The corms should be 6 to 8 inches apart.
- Plant your red gladiolus flower in rows if you cultivate them primarily for cut flowers. It is simpler to take care of the plants and gather the blossoms.
- Plant the corms in groups of seven or more if they are to be planted alongside other flowers in borders or perennial beds for best effects.
- At planting, thoroughly water the corms.
- Stake tall varieties at planting time if you plan to plant them. Take caution when using the stakes so as not to harm the corms.
Growing Gladiolus Flower:
i. How to Grow:
- To keep the soil moist and to prevent weeds, surround your gladioli with a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch.
- Throughout the summer, give your plants regular waterings if you receive less than an inch of rain per week. If not, water them sparingly to keep the soil moist while they are growing.
- To maintain continued blooms, remove the faded or dead flowers. Cut a stalk off when all of the flowers on it have faded, about 2 to 3 inches above the ground.
- Keep the plant whole so that it can develop and produce the corms necessary for the following season.
Caring Gladiolus Flower:
i. Winter Protection:
- Put down a layer of hay or straw for winter protection if you are in USDA Hardiness Zone 8 or a warmer zone. Gladiolus may survive the winter in the ground as long as a harsh freeze (28°F or lower) is not frequent where you live.
- Once the foliage has faded following the first fall frost, gladioli corms should be dug up in colder areas (Zone 7 or colder). The foliage will be killed by a little frost, but the plant as a whole will survive. Before a hard freeze (28°F), the gladiolus corms must be removed, or the plants may suffer irreparable harm.
- Despite this, many gardeners in the “border” zones of 6 and 7 have found success by leaving their glads in the ground.
ii. Digging up and Storing Gladiolus Corms:
- For gladiolus flower arrangement grab the top of the plant and pull it out of the ground, using a shovel to dig up the entire plant. Be careful not to damage or bruise corms when digging. Shake off any loose dirt, being careful not to wash any damaged corms. Reduce the stalk’s height from the corm to 1 to 2 inches. If you like, save the little cormels separately. If you replant them every spring, they will blossom in two to three years.
- If the weather is cooperative during gladiolus flower arrangements, let the corms dry in the sun for one or two days. Place the corms in wooden flats or trays after sifting off the extra soil. Cure for two weeks at a temperature of 80 to 85°F (27 to 29°C) in a warm, open area.
- Do not remove the corms’ husks.
- To prevent disease issues, dust the corms with a fungicide (also known as “bulb dust”). Fill a paper bag with dust and bulbs, then shake it ferociously.
- The corms can be kept in old onion sacks, pantyhose, paper, or linen bags. To allow air to flow between the containers, stack or hang them. Low humidity and temperatures between 35 and 45 °F (2 and 7 °C) are ideal for corm storage. It would be ideal to have a cool basement. The corms should not freeze.
- This spring, replant these corms for an additional season of gorgeous blooms.
iii. Pests and Diseases:
- Early in the morning or late at night, avoid cutting the flower stalks when it is hot outside.
- Cut the stalks diagonally through with a sharp knife, bring a bucket of lukewarm water to the flower bed, and put them in the bucket.
- only one or two open flowers on the cut stalks. After you place them in a vase, the remaining buds will begin to open. If you wish to repurpose the corms, leave at least four leaves on the plant in the ground.
- Before placing the flowers in a vase, leave the bucket of flowers in a cool, dark location for a few hours.
- Every few days, remove lower-fading flowers and trim 1 inch or more off the bottom of each flower stalk.
For healthy corms and fresh cut flowers of blue gladiolus flower, white gladiolus flower you can contact with DUA Landscape.