Caring for indoor cactus plants is important for you to know if you are having them. There are thousands of different types of Flowering cactus in the wild, including desert cacti and forest cacti, which make up two significant subgroups of cacti grown as indoor plants. Both groupings can be found in different sizes, with tiny to moderate varieties being the most popular, and both flourish indoors with only minimal upkeep. Desert cacti are frequently paddle-, ball-, or obelisk-shaped and have spines or hair. Forest cactus are native to subtropical areas. They flourish in woody sections of temperate forests as well as subtropical and tropical locations, and they resemble other succulent plants like bromeliads. They are climbing or epiphytic plants that naturally cling to trees and make wonderful hanging houseplants. The Christmas cactus, which is indigenous to Brazil and blooms in red, pink, purple, and yellow, is the most well-known decorative forest cactus. Cacti from the desert and forest are among the most resilient indoor plants since they both grow slowly and have lovely blossoms.
Caring for Indoor Cactus:
Cacti from the desert and forests are among the hardiest indoor plants, and their distinctive, bare beauty makes them a focal point for any windowsill or well-lit space. Some plants only bloom indoors three or four years after being planted, while others never do. Both types of cactus simply need direct sunlight and infrequent watering, making them both low maintenance. When the plant remains dormant in the winter, watering and feeding can be reduced. Deadheading only applies to flowering kinds, and pruning is typically unnecessary unless growth needs to be controlled. Dried blooms from these plants typically fall off on their own. You have to keep in mind the following factors if you have cactus at home:
Four to six hours of direct sunlight every day are necessary for cacti. However, several desert and woodland cactus species can burn when exposed to direct sunlight. Choose a position for your cactus that will receive direct light in the winter and filtered, brilliant light in the summer by placing it close to a sunny window. During the summer, you can transfer your cactus outside to meet its lighting needs, but only when the nighttime temperature is at least 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
A quick-draining soil mixture created especially for cacti is the ideal environment for growing desert cacti. Additionally, they thrive in common potting soil that has been improved with sand, pebbles, or perlite to improve drainage and aeration. Although forest cacti like well-draining soil, they can frequently thrive in standard potting soil.
Give your Cactus with flowers a hearty drink every ten days in the spring and summer, when it is actively developing and flowering, and be sure to let the water drain completely. Reduce watering’s to once every four weeks (or every six weeks for some desert species) during the winter rest period. Between summer watering’s, the soil should feel completely dry, and during the winter, largely dry.
The ideal temperature for cacti is hot, between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant loves a cool-down phase in the winter, when the temperature stays around 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Desert cacti are accustomed to extremely cold nights in their natural habitat; some species can even tolerate lows of 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Nevertheless, winter drafts must be kept out of any indoor plant that has not yet been hardened off.
The ideal humidity range for cacti is between 40 and 60 percent, which is pretty simple to attain in most households. In comparison to desert cacti, forest Rare cactus plants like significantly more humid air. Therefore, spritz your succulent plant from time to time if you notice it wilting.
Some of the worst environmental conditions on earth can’t kill cactus. Although it is not required, any fertilization effort is appreciated. Some gardeners experience poor growth with common houseplant fertilizers (perhaps because of an incorrect nutrient ratio), so look for a specialist organic cacti fertilizer with a higher phosphorus to nitrogen ratio. Only fertilize your cactus during the growing season, and follow the manufacturer’s suggested dosages two to three times a year. During the winter, cut back on or stop using fertilizer.
A cactus often doesn’t require much pruning unless you’re trying to manage its development. However, clean, accurate garden shears can be used to cut off dead or damaged components. Cactus trimming is typically limited to the removal of new pups (or offshoots) in order to propagate new plants. Wear safety gardening gloves whenever you do this to prevent accidents and injuries.
viii. Potting and Repotting:
Cacti are plants with modest growth that hardly ever require repotting. In fact, several cacti species bloom best when their roots are modestly restricted. Only when they require new soil or have rot can cacti be repotted at the start of the growing season. Put on a pair of safety gloves first before attempting anything. Use a clean trowel to loosen the roots before removing your plant from its current pot. A quick-draining cactus potting mix should be added to the bottom of a clay or terra-cotta pot. Backfill the area surrounding the plant, being careful to cover the roots, and then add your plant.
Winter maintenance for indoor cacti often entails paying it less attention rather than more. To begin with, place your cactus in the window that receives the most sunlight. Your cactus can survive without scorching because the winter light is low in the sky. Then, be careful to stop fertilizing during this period of dormancy and cut back on watering to no more than once per month.
x. Pests and Diseases:
Mealybug, scale, fungus gnat, and spider mite infestations can affect any kind of Types of cactus flowers. Shriveled leaves, a mold-like coating, and the presence of bugs on the stems or in the soil are other symptoms. Most of the time, you can use cotton swabs or a sink hose spray to gently wash pests off. Since most insecticide-resistant plant pests have evolved, employing chemical insecticides inside should only be a last resort.
Fungal rot, which appears as black, sunken patches on the stem that eventually develop into mush, can affect overwatered cacti. Your cactus may also exude a dark liquid if it has bacterial rot. Remove the afflicted portions of the plant and treat it with a diluted hydrogen peroxide solution if one of these scenarios occurs.
Types of Indoor Cactus:
Cactus flower plant come in a variety of forms that may be grown inside, from those with classic spines to ones that resemble other succulent plants. Among the most popular kinds for indoor cultivation are:
i. Native to Northern Mexico, the Bunny Ear (Opuntia microdasys) cactus has stem-like pads that resemble rabbit ears. This species needs to be handled carefully since the pads have yellow glochids, which resemble cotton but actually have many spines. White flowers are produced by the Bunny Ears cactus, which can reach heights of two to three feet.
ii. The Old Lady Cactus (Mammillaria Hahniana), one of the most well-known types of houseplants, has many spines and resembles a pincushion with hair. This variety can reach heights of four inches and a width of eight inches. It has a rounded form with lovely purple flowers.
iii. The Easter Cactus (Rhipsalideae gaertneri) is a woodland Cactus flower names with dazzling star-shaped flowers in shades of white, scarlet, and pink. It has segmented stems without spines. One of the simplest indoor cacti to cultivate, it is ideal for novice growers.
iv. The star-shaped mound of the star cactus (Astrophytum asterias), commonly known as the sand dollar or sea urchin cactus, has yellow blooms. This diminutive type, which is frequently seen in indoor terrarium gardens, has a diameter of two to six inches and a height of one to two inches.
Propagation of Indoor Cactus:
You can propagate other Tall cactus plants with the offshoots (or pups) your cactus generates. While some puppies originate along the stem or on the pads, the majority of pups develop towards the base of the plant where they share its nutrients and water. The reproduction of the plant while also promoting the health of the mother plant is made possible by harvesting and propagating pups.
Commonly Found Problems in Indoor Cactus:
Gardeners who grow Large cactus frequently overwater their plants in the winter. Rot may result as a result, either at the plant’s base or at the tips where new growth appears. It could be essential to grow a new plant from cuttings if the rot is advanced or to completely abandon the mother plant.
Because most chemical fertilizers include heavy metals that eventually kill the plant, using non-organic fertilizer might also harm your cactus. Furthermore, physical harm to cacti is common due to their lack of a protective bark or set of leaves, which can allow a bump to get infected. Maintaining your plant’s health will help it callus over before becoming infected, preventing this.
If you are thinking of having these attractive plants or need any kind of consulting, you can contact DUA Landscape.